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Trichomoniasis Testing

Trichomoniasis
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What is Trichomoniasis?

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the Trichomonas vaginalis parasite. It is extremely common and easy to treat but it is often asymptomatic, making it difficult to detect.

Trichomoniasis Causes:

Trichomoniasis is caused by a parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. It is sexually transmitted, including via unprotected oral and anal sex. While it most commonly affects females, men can carry, pass and develop trichomoniasis.

Not everyone that comes into contact with the Trichomonas vaginalis parasite will become infected. Likewise, it affects different people in different ways. Factors like age and strength of immune system might be involved in how badly each person reacts.

There are risk factors that make someone more likely to encounter the parasite, including having unprotected sex and multiple sexual partners. People who have had trichomoniasis or any other STD before are also more likely to develop it.

Trichomoniasis Symptoms

Trichomoniasis displays no symptoms at all in 70% of sufferers, but some people do notice discomfort or pain within the month after infection. The symptoms also vary between men (who are infected in the urethra), and women (who are infected in the vagina and urethra).

If trichomoniasis displays symptoms, these might include:

  • Frothy, discolored vaginal discharge
  • Spotting or bleeding between periods
  • Itchy, red or swollen genitals
  • Pain during or after sex
  • An urge to urinate more frequently

While the symptoms are less severe for trichomoniasis than other STDs, it has been linked to infertility in males if left untreated.

Trichomoniasis symptoms in men vs women

Trichomoniasis in the vagina:

  • Frothy, gray, green or white vaginal discharge
  • Spotting or bleeding between periods
  • Itchy, red or swollen genitals
  • Pain during or after sex
  • Increased urge to urinate

Trichomoniasis in the penis:

  • Discharge
  • Pain during sex
  • Burning sensation after ejaculation
  • Increased urge to urinate |

Trichomoniasis Testing

Usually, a trichomoniasis urine test is the most effective way to collect a sample, but sometimes a doctor or lab technician will collect a swab.

The samples will be collected at a lab and then examined by technicians. The wait time for trichomoniasis test results depends on how busy they are. The results can take days or weeks to arrive.

The trichomoniasis testing window is usually between 5 and 28 days after infection.

Trichomoniasis Treatment

Trichomoniasis is treated with an oral antibiotic, usually metronidazole or tinidazole. It is really important to make sure your partner or partners are tested too. Otherwise, you will be reinfected immediately after the medication leaves your system.

It is also important not to have unprotected sex for a week after treating Trichomoniasis.

The treatment is simple and non-invasive, but you should avoid alcohol for a day either side of taking the tablet.

If you test positive for trichomoniasis, it might be a good idea to retest yourself a few months later. It is quite common for reinfection to occur with STDs, especially ones that display few symptoms.

FAQs

Is trichomoniasis common?

Trichomoniasis is one of the most common STDs, with around 0.5% of Americans being infected at once. There were over 1.7 million infections reported in 2017!

What causes trichomoniasis?

Trichomoniasis is caused by a bacterium called Trichomonas vaginalis.

How long does trichomoniasis last?

Trichomoniasis can only be gotten rid of with antibiotics, so it lasts until you take them. In around 1 in 5 cases, it reinfects within a few months, in which case you should take the antibiotics again.

What are the trichomoniasis symptoms?

Trichomoniasis symptoms include a foul, frothy, discolored discharge and itching or burning genitals. Pain during and after urination or sex can also occur. The symptoms are uncommon, though, with 70% of people experiencing none at all.

What does trichomoniasis smell like?

Trichomoniasis symptoms include a foul-smelling vaginal or penile discharge. It is likely to be an off-white color with a green or brown tinge. Trichomoniasis sores may also create an unpleasant smell, although this is less common.

Can you get trichomoniasis from kissing?

Trichomoniasis cannot be transmitted through kissing alone. It can be transmitted through sexual contact, though, so kissing may lead to interactions that spread the infection.

Can you get trichomoniasis from oral sex?

Yes. Trichomoniasis is passed via any sexual contact that involves the genitals, including oral, anal and penetrative sex. The best way to protect yourself from any STD during oral sex is to use dental dams.

Can trichomoniasis go away on its own?

Trichomoniasis will not go away without antibiotics and can cause health problems if left to develop. The treatment is accessible, easy to take and fast-acting, so trichomoniasis is not a difficult STD to treat.

Can you get trichomoniasis in mouth?

Trichomoniasis can only be spread by sexual contact with the genitals, however, there have been some reported cases of trichomoniasis in the mouth and throat. More research is needed to discover any trends for oral trichomoniasis.

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Last updated: 9/24/2021, 5:51:01 AM